Waco, Texas – Sumatran Tiger Cubs, Bimo, Kemala, and Riva will celebrate their first birthday with a party at Cameron Park Zoo on Sunday April 21st at 11:30. The cubs, two females and one male were born April 19, 2012. This group of cubs was the second litter for Maharani and Kucing, the zoo’s adult tigers.
The cubs will receive a variety of enrichment toys for their birthday and there will be birthday cake for the first Cameron Park Zoo visitors who arrive at the celebration.
Sumatran tigers are endangered in the wild. It is estimated that only 300 to 500 Sumatran tigers remain in the wild, and their population is dwindling rapidly. The greatest threat to the survival of the Sumatran tiger is habitat loss due the spread of palm oil plantations and logging. It is estimated that Sumatran tiger habitat has decreased by 40% in the last decade. These tigers are also especially vulnerable to poaching.
To maintain a healthy captive population, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums Species Survival Plan will submit a breeding recommendation for each of these cubs. These breeding recommendations will determine where each cub will eventually move to be paired with a mate in order to help secure a future for this critically endangered cat species.
Birthdate: 24 May 2006
Birthplace: National Zoological Park, Washington DC
Birthdate: 13 November 2008
Birthplace: San Diego Wild Animal Park, CA
Bimo: Birth weight 1 lb. 11 oz.
Current weight 122 lbs.
Kemala: Birth weight 2 lbs. 1 oz.
Current weight 119 lbs.
Riya: Birth weight 2 lbs. 9 oz.
Current weight 121 lbs.
Scientific Name: Panthera tigris sumatrea
Conservation status: Critically Endangered
Lifecycle: The lifespan of a wild Sumatran tiger is generally 12 years, but in a zoo they have been known to live 20 years. After a gestation period averaging 103 days a mother tiger will generally give birth to up to 5 helpless cubs that usually weigh about 2 pounds each. The cubs would normally stay with the mother for up to two years in the wild, before establishing their own territories. The female reaches sexual maturity at 3-4 years of age while the males may not reach sexual maturity until 4-5 years of age.
Natural History: Sumatran tigers are the smallest subspecies of tigers generally weighing between 200 and 300 pounds as mature adults. These tigers inhabit lowland and mountain forests on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Due to poaching, loss of prey species, and habitat loss from logging and palm oil production Sumatran tigers are listed as critically endangered. Fewer than 500 Sumatran tigers exist in the wild and approximately 200 live in zoos around the world.
Sumatran tigers are generally solitary animals that usually only come together to mate. A male’s range may overlap the territory of several females, but no other males.